Until the end of the 19th century is the history of Burkina Faso dominated by the Mossistam. The Mossi tried to make a great empire of Northwest Africa from the 11th century.

But after the arrival of the French in 1896, it became a French colony. On 5 August the 5thin 1960 is what was then Upper Volta (the French " Haute-Volta ") gained independence from France.

On August 4, 1984, exactly one year after the marxist Thomas Sankara by means of a coup d ' état came to power, was the name of the country changed in "Burkina Faso". Between 4 and 15 August 1984 was, in fact, the correct spelling 'Bourkina-Faso'. "Burkina Faso" means something like the 'land of the honest people'. The inhabitants are Burkinabe (honest people).

President Blaise Compaoré is now referred to president since 1987 after a coup d ' état where the then president Thomas Sankara had the power. Even though the country is from 1987 to one of the most stable countries of West Africa is it not how it used to be.

The history of the country is very peaceful in compared with other countries. The several coups d ' état are not without the shedding of blood, and the country has, in addition to France during the colonization, in modern times no war.

In spite of the poverty the country is currently relatively self-sufficient and famine is unknown During the civil war in Côte d'Ivoire threatened to be famine in southern Burkina Faso by the influx of Ivorian refugees but by international aid is this had helped.